The document creates multiple offices tasked with fulfilling various jobs for the protocol, each with their own powers and responsibilities.
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MakerDAO, the decentralized autonomous organization that governs the Dai (DAI) stablecoin, has passed a new proposed “constitution” intended to formalize governance processes and help prevent hostile actors from taking over the protocol, according to the official forum page for the proposal.
— Maker (@MakerDAO) March 27, 2023
According to the proposal’s text, a constitution is needed because the Maker Protocol “relies on governance decisions by humans and institutions holding MKR tokens,” which can “expose weaknesses and vulnerabilities that can result in the failure of the Maker Protocol or the loss of user funds.”
To avoid this failure, the Maker Constitution engages in “alignment engineering” to “lock in the core commitments” of Maker’s community, the document says.
The governing document creates several categories of participants with different powers and responsibilities. For example, constitutional conservers (CCs) have the job of “facilitating and protecting the Maker Governance process” by ensuring that the constitution is followed by other participants. CCs can become constitutional voter committee members (CVCMs) or constitutional delegates (CDs).
CVCMs craft position documents for voters to consider, and CDs operate smart contracts that allow MKR holders to delegate their MKR without losing custody of their tokens.
Related: MakerDAO votes to retain USDC as primary collateral
Each office has powers to remove listings of officers from the app’s front end if they are believed to be violating the constitution. For example, a CD can ban a CVC from the front end if the CVC is believed to be deceiving the voters who are delegating to it.
The Maker constitution proposal passed with 76.04% of the MKR vote. Less than a quarter (23.95%) of MKR votes went against the proposal, and 0.01% abstained.
Despite the vote in its favor, some Maker users have openly criticized the constitution as being authoritarian. For example, the pseudonymous Twitter user PaperImperium has claimed that it forces users to be “muzzled and forbidden from communicating with anyone at or around Maker about Maker” due to restrictions it imposes on communications from constitutional delegates.
In several hours, the @MakerDAO constitution is likely to pass. From that time forward, delegates are muzzled and forbidden from communicating with anyone at or around Maker about Maker. This is a top priority to amend, if only bc it means delegates cannot collect information https://t.co/usIBFIBgkJ
— PaperEmpire (@EmpirePaper) March 27, 2023
Maker’s constitution is one step in the process of creating what Maker founder Rune Christensen called the “Endgame Plan” for the protocol, which he believes will convert MakerDAO into a decentralized organization that keeps DAI stable as it potentially becomes the reserve currency for the world. The endgame plan has been criticized by A16z for doing too much too fast, with the venture capital firm supporting changing the protocol in a more piecemeal fashion.
DAI is an algorithmic stablecoin pegged to the U.S. dollar. It temporarily lost its peg on March 11 due to fallout from a banking panic in the U.S. but then recovered it after MakerDAO passed emergency measures to limit the ability of users to mint DAI with USD Coin (USDC).